The description of the Svananda Kshetra situated a few kms before Baramati in Maharashtra also called the Ganesha Svananda Kshetra is given in the Shrimad Mudgal Puran. The Sastras have described the Gaṇesha Svananda kshetra as a square. It is the Brahma itself. It is twelve yojanas (one yojana is about 13 Kms in distance) in area. To its east is a door (Dvara) that measures twenty-eight units and is at a distance of a hundred Dhanusya (One Dhanusya is equivalent to 6 feet) from the idol of Gaṇesha. The door to the south is at a little less than half its distance. The door to the north of Gaṇesha is a quarter of the size of the western door but at a greater distance. This Kshetra of Gaṇeshvara is truly unique among all the Kshetras in the nine continents.
At the time of deluge (pralaya), the Kshetras are protected by their respective Devas and are not destroyed. At the time of the final annihilation (Mahapralaya-which occurs after thousand pralayas), all the elements along with the tattvas (great principles) are absorbed into the great deluge at the speed of time along with the Maya. At that time, the Kshetras along with their respective Deity definitely get absorbed. This Gaṇesha Kshetra due to its own powers remains unaffected even at the time of the great deluge. The Devas asked Bhrsundi, “The Vedas have said that the Kshetras are subject to destruction. Then, O Yogindra, why is this kshetra indestructible? The Kshetra no doubt is formed from the union of all powers. Yet, O Lord, how and why is this Kshetra named Svananda? Please elucidate.” Bhṛsundī replied, “The Sastras do not consider the Gaṇesha Kshetra as one among the kshetras. It is the Kshetra of Brahmaṇaspati and is described as the form of Brahma. Just as one’s happiness is known to self in the same way this being Svananda kshetra it is accepted as the form of Brahma and is self-realized (Svasamvedya). Ganesha’s body represents His form with attributes (Saguṇa) and his head represents His form without attributes (Nirguṇa). The union of the two is the physical form and is the Kshetra.
Devi Siddhi is illusory and assumes a form. Devi Buddhi is the bearer of illusion and also assumes a form. The union of both forms the kshetra. Gaṇesha, Siddhi or Buddhi is not attached to the forms they have assumed. They are happy to be in any kshetra irrespective of their gender (masculine or feminine). Wherever his kshetra is, everything in it is Divine and eternal. Everything related to Gaṇaraja is an expression of the Divine. Hence this kshetra is called Brahmaṇaspati Loka. Many Kshetras have emerged from this Gaṇesha Kshetra. When anyone dies in the vicinity of any of the kshetras, his soul is bestowed with the four-fold prosperity namely, Dharma, wealth, desire fulfillment and liberation. The Sastras mention the Gaṇesha kshetra can bestow union with the Divine Brahma, who is the fifth Brahma. Anyone who dies in the Gaṇesha kshetra will attain the fifth Brahma due to the merits (saṃskara) of the kshetra and gets united with the Divine instantly.
Any human who performs the yatra-even of one of the Dvaras among the four Dvaras, will be blessed with the benefits of having performed that Dvara yatra wherever he may go. If one performs the Dvara yatra just once with devotion, the devotee shall attain all that he desires as a result. One who stays in the Kshetra and performs the Dvara yatra will be reverential to the people living in the Kshetra and in the end shall become one with the Divine. There is nothing more powerful than the Gaṇesha Kshetra in this Universe. The fifth type of prosperity is the attainment of divinity, which is possible in this kshetra. It is different from the other four types (dharma, wealth, desire fulfillment and liberation). While describing this Gaṇesha Kshetra, Pundits have divided the kshetra into three sections depending on their location-internal or external. The sanctum sanctorum with an expanse of half a yojana, (garbhagara- the innermost sanctum of a temple where the idol of the primary deity of the temple resides) is the residence of Gaṇesha. It is in such a kshetra that all the incarnations of Gaṇesha manifested. It is square area and decorated with four doors. It bestows desire fulfillment and Siddhis on the devotees.
On the Eastern side of Gaṇesha at a distance of a hundred Dhanusya is the all Siddhi-bestowing Eastern Dvara (Purva) of the sanctum sanctorum. Devi Buddhi resides here. She is worshipped by Vidya and Kala (knowledge, arts). By worshipping her, devotees attain wisdom. On the southern side the southern Dvara (Dakṣiṇa) of the sanctum sanctorum of Gaṇesha is located at twice the distance from the Eastern Dvara. Gaṇas like Pramoda residing here are immersed in the eternal joy of Brahma. By performing their puja devotees attains the status of a Gaṇapatya. To the west of the sanctum sanctorum of Lord Gaṇesha is the western Dvara (pascima), which is at twice the distance of the southern Dvara. The Devi Siddhi resides here along with other Siddhis. By worshipping her, one can attain various Siddhis. The intellectuals have mentioned the northern Dvara (Uttara) to the sanctum sanctorum to be at a distance of less than one-fourth of the distance of the western Dvara. Here, Yogasiddhi Mata and sixty-four yoginis reside along with their families. By worshipping her, a devotee can attain the powers of self-absorption and other desires of a yogi. Their yogic practice attains accomplishment.
Those who perform the yatra of the sanctum sanctorum regularly or on the Chaturthi tithi will be blessed with desire fulfillment. Whenever a devotee arrives to this Kshetra for the Dvara yatra, he should perform the yatra of the garbhagara Dvaras with devotion. The area of the Kshetra which surrounds the sanctum sanctorum is called the devalaya. Here it is believed that several Devas from Svarga keen on worshipping Gaṇesha reside here. The devalaya is square shaped and is three yojana in area. I shall briefly mention to you about its four Dvaras. To the eastern side of Gaṇesha, at an approximate distance of one hundred and fourteen Dhanusya is the eastern Dvara. Here, the most frightful form of the lustrous Rajendra Nagna Bhairava resides. He is a naked mendicant who has untied hair and is holding a Trident. By worshipping him, a devotee is blessed with that what he desires to possess and is liberated from the suffering involved after committing sins.
O Devas, at twice the distance of the eastern Dvara from Gaṇesha is the southern Dvara where Nilakaṇṭha Siva resides. A devotee who performs his puja is liberated from bondages and is also becomes immune to poison. To the western side of Vighnaraja and at twice the distance from the southern Dvara dwells Kṛttivasa as the dvardeva. By worshipping him a devotee attains liberation from asuric inflictions. Performing the yatra bestows desire fulfillment. To the northern side, at a distance of three-fourths of the distance from the eastern Dvara is the northern Dvara. It is the residence of Bhimesvara. By worshipping him, a devotee is bestowed with immediate authority and power and everlasting health. The description of the third Kshetra is as follows. This holy Kshetra is named Mayura and at distance of one yojana on all sides is this square-shaped Deva Kshetra. It bestows the fold-fold prosperity.
If any human being, it is believed, dies on the eastern side of the kshetra, then he ascends to Vaikuṇṭha Loka as the eastern side is that of Visnu. If any human being dies within one yojana perimeter from the southern kshetra then he ascends to Kailasa Loka, the abode of Siva. If anyone dies on the western side of Mayura Kshetra within a one yojana perimeter, he will ascend to Sakti Loka, the abode of Sakti. If anyone dies on the northern side of the Mayura kshetra within a one yojana perimeter, he will ascend to Surya Loka, the abode of Surya.
May all devotees take the opportunity of a lifetime to visit the kshetra and take the blessings of the Deities and Divinity present there.