Spoonbill, name itself suggest their peculiarity. Spoonbill has long, flat black/yellow colored large bill which is wider at the end like spoon. The spoonbills have a global distribution, found in most of the parts of India. They are long neck, legged white colored birds, range in length about 60 to 80 cm. The head is partly or entirely bare.
The nostrils are located near the base of the bill so that the bird can breathe while the bill is submerged in water. The eyes are positioned to provide spoonbills with binocular vision, although when foraging tactile senses are important too. Like the ibises the spoonbills have bare patches of skin around the bills and eyes.
Male & female spoonbills look similar. They are monogamous, having one partner during their lifetime. They are found near wetland, salt water.
They feed by sweeping the long bill from side to side in the mud or shallow water and thereby catching mostly small fishes, frogs, snails & water plants. They need to feed many hours each day. When flying, spoonbills extend the neck and legs and flap the wings steadily.
They breed in colonies, frequently with ibises and herons, building a large nest of sticks in a low bush or tree and laying three to five white eggs, blotched with reddish brown. Image of spoonbill seen along with this article captured at Nerul, Navi Mumbai by writer.