National Press Day is celebrated every year on 16 November. This day marks the presence of an independent and responsible press in India. This day symbolizes freedom of the press and its responsibilities towards the society. The First Press Commission (in 1956) had envisioned a ‘Press Council’ to protect freedom of the press in India and a higher ideal in journalism. The Press Council was established on 4 July 1966 in India and it started functioning on 16 November 1966. From that day, November 16 is celebrated as National Press Day every year. Currently there are around 50 countries in the world having either the Press Council or Media Council.
The Press Council of India is an autonomous body to exercise authority even over the instruments of the state in its duty to safeguard the independence of the press. The media is the fourth pillar of democracy and it is said that journalists are a mirror of society, which brings out the truth even in adverse circumstances. The Press Council of India plays an important role to maintain a healthy democracy in the country, it continues to symbolise a free and responsible press in the largest democracy of the world.it also emerges as a unique entity that exercises authority over the media and also safeguards the independence of the press in the country. The council act as a moral watchdog to ensure that the press maintains high standards. It also makes sure that the institution of the press should not be controlled by the influence or threats of any extraneous factors. According to the annual Reporters without Borders analysis, violence against journalists including police violence, attacks by Maoist fighters and reprisals by criminal groups or corrupt politicians is one of the most striking characteristics of the current state of press freedom in India. A total of 48 journalists have been killed in India from 1992 till 2018.source-NewsNation.
Twitter is flooded with greetings some of them are as follows:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi said, “A free press is the cornerstone of a vibrant democracy. We are fully committed to upholding freedom of press and expression in all forms. May our media space be used more and more to showcase the skills, strengths and creativity of 125 crore Indians.”
In a tweet, Prakash Javadekar, Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises of India said, “On the occasion of #NationalPressDay – greetings to the Media fraternity. Press freedom is essence of a vibrant democracy. This was trampled upon by the #Congress during emergency. We are ensuring full freedom to the press.Media can criticise but should guard against ‘fake news’ & desist from disinformation & misinformation. There is ethic for every freedom,” the minister said in another tweet.
Naveen Patnaik, C.M of Odisha tweeted, “Warm greetings to journalists and mediapersons on #NationalPressDay. A vigilant and free press is the fourth pillar of a vibrant democracy. I am committed to upholding values of free & fair press.”
Ashok Gehlot, Chief Minister of Rajasthan expressed in a tweet writing “Greetings to all members of media on #NationalPressDay. A free and responsible press is most essential in a democracy to bring out truth. It is also important to preserve the freedom of press and allow it to fulfill its responsibilities in the larger interest of society. On the occasion of #NationalPressDay, my best wishes to all #journalists. #Media is the fourth pillar of #democracy. Always report the truth fearlessly. Be inspired by Rabindranath Tagore’s immortal words, “Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high…” Mamata Banerjee tweeted