Today is the 70th anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution. November has its own importance in the history of independent India and is known as the start of a new era. To acknowledge the contribution of the framers of the Constitution and to aggravate the people regarding the prominent values ‘Constitution Day’ is celebrated on 26 November every year.
Events was held in New Delhi by the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs At 11:00 AM where mass reading of the Preamble took place at Offices/ Establishments, PSUs, Private Organisations, Corporate bodies etc. Several talks/Seminars were also organised on the Indian Constitution/ Duties and Extensive publicity of Mass Preamble Reading by the Ministry of I&B and State Public Relations Department will also be done. Other than that several campaigns are organised and pamphlets are distributed to make people aware about the meaning of the constitution, various dramas, plays, Social media campaign, Seminars and lectures were also organised. National Campaign was launch that focus on the fundamental duties and important feature of the Constitution. It will start on 26 November, 2019 and culminate on 26 November, 2020.
For the first time since the abrogation of Article 370, Jammu and Kashmir will celebrate the 70th anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution of India on November 26.
The Opposition parties led by the Congress are likely to boycott the joint sitting of Parliament on Tuesday called by the government to commemorate the Constitution Day, as a mark of protest against the “clandestine” swearing-in of the BJP’s Devendra Fadnavis and NCP’s Ajit Pawar as Chief Minister and Deputy Chief Minister on Saturday in a closely guarded ceremony.
The West Bengal Assembly will hold special sessions on Tuesday and Wednesday to mark 70 years of the adoption of the Constitution, Speaker Biman Banerjee said on Monday. The sessions will be addressed by Biman Banerjee and Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee.
The BJP led Government in 2015 declared 26 November as Constitution Day by a gazette notification on 19 November. As we know that on 15 August 1947, India became independent and on 26 January 1950, we celebrate Republic Day because on this day the Constitution of India came into effect. In 1934, the demand of the Constituent Assembly was made. M.N. Roy, a communist party leader, was the first who mooted the idea. It was taken up by the Congress party and finally, in 1940, the demand was accepted by the British government. On 24 January 1950, the process was completed when the members signed two handwritten copies of the document one each in Hindi and English.9 December 1946 January, 1950 is the period between the adoption and enforcement when thorough reading and translation from English to Hindi was done.
On 26 January, 1950, the Constitution of India came into force and became the law of the land. The Preamble to the Constitution of India states,
“WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;
And to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.”
The Constitution of India declares that India is a socialist, secular, sovereign, democratic republic which assures its citizen’s justice, equality,liberty and fraternity. The words ‘secular’ and ‘socialist’ were added to the preamble during the emergency in 1976.
The fundamental political code, structure, procedures, powers, and duties of the government institutions are stated in the Indian Constitution describes. It also explains fundamental rights, directive principles and the duties of citizens. India’s constitution is the longest written constitution in the world. It took around 2 years, 11 months and 17 days to complete the Constitution.Therefore, National Constitution Day is celebrated on 26 November to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India.